A person who suffers from Myopia experiences seeing blurred images. This is because the images are focused in front of their eyes. The level of nearsightedness is too much that the image is farther away from the retina. Due to that, the image is blurred when seen at a distance. Good thing, there are ways to prevent or treat it. One of the most promising ones is by wearing electronic smart glasses. Below, let’s discuss further what this eye condition is:
Light rays focus on the front of the retina when a person has Myopia. A person who has it will see near objects clearly and far objects blurred. Having a near vision can deteriorate and cause difficulties in reading. The eye becomes myopic when the cornea is too curved, the person has a long eyeball, or both.
Some people with myopia can still have a normal vision if they wear the correct glasses or after a child has grown. This is often a hereditary condition, which means that there’s a possibility that one child will be myopic if their parents have myopia. Myopia that happens in childhood is also called juvenile-onset myopia. It’s more likely that this condition will progress in adulthood.
A severe kind of myopia is called degenerative or pathological myopia. This can bring forth a loss of sight because the retina becomes damaged when stressed. Due to it, the condition can worsen. This can also cause macula problems, which is different from macular degeneration.
What is Degenerative Myopia?
As mentioned, this type of myopia is a severe condition that causes legal blindness. It’s common in people of Jewish, Chinese, Middle Eastern, and Japanese blood. It can start at birth because it’s hereditary. It’s also common to begin in pre-teen years.
This severe condition heightens the chance of a severe vision loss. The progression is quick and lenticular changes and fundus direct the visual outcome of the patient. People who have degenerative myopia are also prone to characteristic chorioretinal degenerations. Also, patients with higher levels of refractive errors are more susceptible to macular changes and retinal damages.
Headaches, low vision, and sensitivity to light are some of the most common symptoms in degenerative myopia. Patients with retinal degeneration or detachment can experience floaters and light flashes. This is because of the retinal changes they’re going through. Degenerative myopia also causes a cataract to form.
Treatment or Prevention of Degenerative Myopia
Getting electronic smart glasses can help a patient with this condition to see better. These types of glasses aim to assist people with low vision. It’s a revolutionary product that not only helps people suffering from degenerative myopia, but also sufferers of glaucoma, retinitis pigmentosa, diabetic retinopathy, retinopathy of prematurity, and more degenerative eye conditions.
Lastly, some medications like 7-methylxanthine are advised on patients as well as using contact lenses. The medications prescribed are meant to normalise the growth of abnormal myopic eyes on children. On the other hand, contact lenses are advised because it’s believed that it can slow down the axial lengthening in children.
Degenerative Myopia is a severe condition that shouldn’t be ignored. Early on, patients need to see a specialist so that the condition can be addressed. Young patients should be guided by their parents as they are still young to know what’s going on. It’s important to get a proper diagnosis so that the condition will be treated or prevented immediately. With that, be mindful if there is a possibility in the family members to develop this condition.